Skin conditions can be treated with topical or oral medications.
Topical creams and ointments for skin conditions
Some treatments for skin care conditions can include topical creams and ointments.
- Antibacterials such as mupirocin and clindamycin are commonly used to treat or prevent infection.
- Anthralin, an effective medication for psoriasis that can irritate and discolor the skin, fights inflammation.
- Treating skin conditions such as jock itch and tinea pedis may be done with medications such as clotrimazole (Lotrimin), ketoconazole (Nizoral), and terbinafine (Lamisil AT).
- Benzoyl Peroxide can be found in various medications to treat acne, such as creams, gels, washes, and foams.
- Coal tar is a topical treatment that can be used with or without a doctor’s prescription, with strength levels between 0.5% and 5%. It is used
- Corticosteroids are commonly used for treating skin conditions like eczema in creams, lotions, ointments, and foams.
- For eczema and atopic dermatitis, doctors may prescribe non-steroidal ointments such as crisaborole (Eucrisa), tacrolimus (Protopic), or pimecrolimus (Elidel) cream.
- Retinoids, like Differin, Retin-A, and Tazorac, are derived from vitamin A and utilized to treat conditions like acne. These substances come in forms such as gels, foams, lotions, or creams.
- Salicylic acid is the active ingredient in various topical products such as lotions, gels, soaps, shampoos, washes, and patches. These items can be used to treat acne and warts.
Oral and injectable treatments for skin issues can involve:
- Antibacterial Medications: Many skin conditions can be treated with oral antibiotics, such as dicloxacillin, erythromycin, and tetracycline.
- Oral antifungal medications such as fluconazole, itraconazole, and terbinafine can effectively treat fungal infections.
- Treatments for skin conditions such as herpes and shingles may include acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir), and valacyclovir (Valtrex). These are all types of antiviral medication.
- Corticosteroid medications like prednisone may be beneficial in treating skin issues associated with autoimmune illnesses, including vasculitis and eczema. To minimize side effects, dermatologists generally recommend topical steroids. Nonetheless, short-term use of prednisone is sometimes required.
- Azathioprine (Imuran) and methotrexate (Trexall) are immunosuppressant medications that can be used to treat severe psoriasis and eczema.
- Biologics are one of the latest treatments used to manage psoriasis and other conditions. A few commonly-used biologics include Humira (adalimumab), Amgevita (adalimumab-atto), Enbrel (etanercept), Erelzi (etanercept-szzs), Remicade (infliximab), Taltz (ixekizumab), Cosentyx (secukinumab), Siliq (brodalumab), Stelara (ustekinumab ), Tremfya (guselkumab), Skyrizi (risankizumab) and Ilumya (tildrakizumab).
- Apremilast (Otezla) and Deucravacitinib (Sotyktu) are enzyme inhibitors that manage inflammation by shutting down a particular enzyme in the immune system. Eucrisa ointment, which is FDA-approved for treating mild to moderate atopic dermatitis/eczema, is also classified an enzyme inhibitor.
- Retinoids. Acitretin (Soriatane) is particularly utilized to cope with all forms of serious psoriasis. It reduces epidermis cell multiplication. It can create intense birth defects and must not be used if you are expecting a baby, are pregnant or lactating.