Why is this medication prescribed?
Strongyloidiasis is treated with ivermectin (threadworm; an infection with a roundworm that enters the body through the skin, moves through the airways, and lives in the intestines). Additionally, ivermectin is used to treat onchocerciasis (river blindness; infection with a type of roundworm that may cause rash, bumps under the skin, and vision problems, including vision loss or blindness). Ivermectin is an antihelmintic medication. It is used to treat strongyloidiasis by eradicating intestinal worms. It is used to treat onchocerciasis by destroying developing worms. Because ivermectin does not kill the adult worms that cause onchocerciasis, it cannot treat this infection.
How should this medicine be used?
Ivermectin is available as a tablet for oral administration. It is typically taken as a single dose with water on an empty stomach. If you take ivermectin to treat onchocerciasis, you may need additional doses 3, 6, or 12 months later to maintain infection control. Take care to follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Ivermectin should be taken exactly as directed. Please do not take more or less of it or take it more frequently than your doctor prescribes.
If you take ivermectin to treat strongyloidiasis, you must have a stool examination at least three times during the first three months following treatment to determine whether your infection has cleared. If your condition does not resolve, your doctor will almost certainly prescribe additional ivermectin doses.
Other uses for this medicine
Ivermectin is also occasionally used to treat other roundworm infections, lice infestations on the head or pubic area, and scabies (an itchy skin condition caused by infestation with small mites that live under the skin). Consult your physician regarding the risks associated with using this medication to treat your disease.
This medication may be prescribed for additional purposes; consult your doctor or pharmacist for details.
What special precautions should I follow?
- Before taking ivermectin, inform your doctor and pharmacist in case of an allergic reaction to ivermectin or any other medication.
- Inform your doctor and pharmacist of all other medications, prescription and nonprescription, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products that you are currently taking or intend to take. Mention any medicines you are taking for anxiety, depression, or seizures, as well as muscle relaxants, sedatives, sleeping pills, or tranquilizers. Your doctor may need to adjust your medication doses or closely monitor you for side effects.
- Inform your doctor if you have or have ever had meningitis, African human trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness; an infection spread by the bite of the tsetse fly in certain African countries), or immune-compromising conditions such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- Inform your physician if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or nursing. If you become pregnant while receiving ivermectin, contact your doctor immediately.
- Consult your physician regarding the safe consumption of alcoholic beverages while taking ivermectin.
- If you are taking ivermectin for onchocerciasis, you should be aware that if you stand up too quickly from a lying position, you may experience dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting. To avoid this issue, slowly rise from your bed, resting your feet on the floor for a few moments before standing.
- If you are taking ivermectin for strongyloidiasis and have ever had loiasis (infection with a type of worm that causes skin and eye problems), or if you have ever lived in or traveled to areas of West or Central Africa where loiasis is expected, you should be aware that you may experience a severe reaction. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience blurred vision, headaches or neck pain, seizures, or difficulty walking or standing.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Unless otherwise directed by your physician, maintain your normal diet.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
Ivermectin is usually taken as a single dose. Tell your doctor if you do not take your medication.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Ivermectin may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- loss of appetite
- stomach pain or bloating
- uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
- chest discomfort
If you are taking ivermectin to treat onchocerciasis, you may also experience the following side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- swelling of the eyes, face, arms, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- joint pain and swelling
- painful and swollen glands of the neck, armpit, or groin
- rapid heartbeat
- eye pain, redness, or tearing
- swelling of the eye or eyelids
- abnormal sensation in the eyes
Some side effects can be severe. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
- blistering or peeling skin
Ivermectin may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
What should I know about the storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in unique ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
It is essential to keep all medication out of sight and reach children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant, and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org
In case of emergency/overdose
In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can’t be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.
Symptoms of overdose may include:
- tingling of hands or feet
- loss of coordination
- stomach pain
- shortness of breath
- swelling of the face, arms, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
What other information should I know?
Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor may order specific lab tests to check your body’s response to ivermectin.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Your prescription is probably not refillable.
You need to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.
What is ivermectin Stromectol used for?
- Stromectol is a prescription medication used to alleviate the symptoms of certain parasitic infections (Strongyloidiasis of the Intestinal Tract and Onchocerciasis of the River Blindness).
Is Stromectol the same as ivermectin?
- In the United States, ivermectin is marketed under the brand name STROMECTOL.
What is Stromectol made from?
- Stromectol’s active ingredient is ivermectin, a member of the avermectin class of antiparasitic agents. Stromectol is available in tablet form.
Is ivermectin a good medicine for Covid 19?
- Ivermectin is not currently shown to be effective against COVID-19 in available data. Clinical trials evaluating ivermectin tablets to prevent or treat COVID-19 infection in humans are now being conducted. Ivermectin in large doses is dangerous.